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Pest Notes: Pests

Listed below are some of the most common pest species found in Eucalyptus globulus plantations. For further information refer to our field guide or consult the resources:guides section for further reading.

The information is supplied in good faith in order to promote knowledge and encourage further research into eucalypt pest management . Please refer to our general disclaimer.

Invertebrate Pests

gonipterus scutellatus

Eucalypt weevil - Gonipterus scutellatus, has been collected throughout southern Australia. It is widespread and common throughout south-western Australia, and is a major pest in all areas of the WA bluegum plantation estate. In eastern Australia G. scutellatus is equally widespread but less damaging...
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paropsiterna agricola

Paropsisterna beetles - Also commonly termed chrysomelids, both adults and larvae, feed on leaves. Most species prefer soft expanding or newly expanded adult leaves and can cause occasional moderate to severe damage depending on the species...
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cadmus excrementarius

Cadmus beetles - Species of Cadmus, Apocera and other related genera are found throughout E. globulus growing regions. They generally only cause minor to moderate damage to plantations. The adult is the only damaging stage. Growing tips of both adult and juvenile leaves are vulnerable, with seedlings and two to four year old trees being affected...
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african black beetle

African Black Beetles - Larvae feed on and can damage seedling roots, however, adults cause most of the damage by chewing around the base of seedling stems (girdling them) just below the soil surface. Dead or dying toppled seedlings are often a symptom of African black beetle (ABB)...
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liparetrus jenkinsi

Liparetrus beetles - Liparetrus species are small beetles endemic to Australia and are similar to the related Heteronyx beetles, but more colorful and generally diurnal. These beetles cause moderate to severe damage in young plantations. Their distribution is not well known and is sporadic, with factors influencing their swarming behaviour not fully understood...
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heteronyx proxima Heteronyx beetles - Heteronyx beetles are distributed throughout Australia, but the distribution range of particular species appears to be restricted. Only a small number of species (e.g. H. elongatus) occur in both SE and SW Australia. Particular species can cause localised moderate to severe damage. The distribution and abundance of damaging populations is difficult to predict...
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gum moth larvae Autumn gum moth - Mnesampela privata is common to the southern half of Australia and is considered a pest of plantation eucalypts in Tasmania, Victoria, South Australia, New South Wales and WA. AS only juvenile leaves are affected, 1-3 year-old plantations are susceptible. Defoliation is generally restricted to the lower half of trees, although in severe cases whole trees can be defoliated...
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cup moth larva Cup moths - are widely distributed across eastern and southern Australia, with most species being reported as occasional moderate-severe pests of eucalypts. In WA, no significant damage has been reported on E. globulus plantations. In parts of eastern Australia, however, some species have been responsible for severe defoliation...
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spitfire larvae Sawflies - are a type of ‘wasps’ whose larvae, commonly known as spitfires, feed on leaves. In WA they cause only occasional damage to E. globulus plantations, though in eastern Australia they have been recorded as causing ocassional severe damage. Perga schiodtei and Pseudoperga lucida are the most commonly encountered species, though a number of other unidentified species are also known to occur...
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leaf blister sawfly Leafblister sawfly - Phylacteophaga froggatti is distributed in south-eastern Queensland, eastern NSW, Victoria, Tasmania, South Australia and Western Australia. It can be found in most bluegum plantings but is most prevalent in coastal and subcoastal districts, causing moderate damage...
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wingless grasshopper

Wingless Grasshoppers - have caused occasional severe damage to E. globulus seedlings in most of southern Australia. Most damage occurs on areas with bare sandy patches and short pastures, which is the preferred site for egg laying...
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BULLET Pathogens
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